Phrase and Clause

In this opportunity, I want to tell you the briefest explanation about PHRASE and CLAUSE.


A PHRASE is a collection of words that may consist of NOUNS, VERBS, PREPOSITIONS, ADVERBS, but NOT a SUBJECT doing a verb.

1. to the South
2. the job
3. every inch
4. very difficult
5. to be smart

There are FIVE KINDS of PHRASE: 1) VERB phrase; 2) NOUN phrase; 3) ADJECTIVE phrase; 4) ADVERBIAL phrase; and 5) PREPOSITIONAL phrase.

1. had been living (verb phrase)
2. easy task (noun phrase)
3. so intriguing (adjective phrase)
4. as soon as possible (adverbial phrase)
5. in the garden (prepositional phrase)


A CLAUSE is a group of words that consists of a SUBJECT and a VERB.

Clause is divided into TWO kinds:
1) Independent/Main Clause, is the clause that CAN STAND ALONE and be put a full stop (.)
2) Dependent/Subordinate Clause, is the clause that CANNOT STAND ALONE and accompanies the main clause.

1. I met her when I was there.
main       sub. clause
2. I want to know what you have done.
main clause        sub. clause

There are FOUR types of CLAUSES: 1) RELATIVE/ADJECTIVE clause; 2) NOUN clause; 3) ADVERBIAL clause; and 4) PRONOUN case. More about clauses will be discussed later in the next post. To understand more about PHRASES and CLAUSES, watch this video.

So that was the brief explanation about PHRASE and CLAUSE. I hope it helps you not get confused in distinguishing between the two.

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